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What is Normal Blood Sugar Level

The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of a human or an animal.

The body naturally tightly regulates blood glucose levels (with the help of insulin that is secreted by pancreas) as a part of metabolic homeostasis.

If blood sugar levels are either increased or decreased by a greater margin than expected this might indicate a medical condition.

Keywords: blood sugar levels, blood sugar levels chart, diabetes type 1 and 2, high and low blood sugar levels, normal blood sugar level, ideal blood sugar level

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Navigation:
Definition:
What is blood sugar?
What is diabetes?
Diagnosis:
Diabetes symptoms
Levels and indication
Normal blood sugar levels
Low blood sugar levels
High blood sugar levels
Managing:
How to lower blood sugar level?
Children blood sugar levels
Blood sugar levels chart
Checking for BS:
How to check blood sugar?
Treatment:
How to lower blood sugar level?
Can diabetes be cured?

What is blood sugar?

What does it mean when someone refers to blood sugar level in your body? Blood sugar level (or blood sugar concentration) is the amount of glucose present in your blood at any given time. A normal blood glucose level for a healthy person is somewhere between 65 mg/dl (3.6 mmol/l) and 105 mg/dl (5.8 mmol/l). It, of course, depends on every individual alone.
checking blood sugar level A blood sugar level between 3.6 and 5.8 mmol/l (65 to 105 mg/dl) is considered normal for a healthy person.

Diabetes symptoms

Typical symptoms of diabetes are thirst, frequent urination and unexpected weight loss. Sometimes a patient may also experience the following:

  • impaired vision,
  • itching skin,
  • fatigue,
  • increased appetite,
  • skin infections,
  • feeling of dizziness,
  • heavy dehydration.
  • Type 1 diabetes symptoms are severe and last for a short time before the disease is diagnosed. Type 2 diabetes symptoms appear slowly and are usually unrecognizable or nearly absent.

    Use this tool to see if you are in danger of or are developing diabetes: LINK
    Click here for possible diabetes cure.
    Use this tool to convert blood sugar values.

    What are normal blood sugar levels?

    Adults
    A normal blood sugar level is between 3.6 and 5.8 mmol/l (65 and 105 mg/dl) for a healthy person.

    The concentration of glucose in the blood of healthy people in the morning on an empty stomach is between 68 and 108 mg/dl (3.8 to 6.0 mmol/l). Two hours after consuming foods or drinks rich in carbohydrates, the values are usually between 6.7 to 7.8 mmol/l (120 and 140 mg/dl).

    Children
    For children up to 6 years of age desired blood sugar level before eating is between 5.5 mmol/l (100 mg/dl) and 10 mmol/l (180 mg/dl). Before going to bed values should be between 6.1 mmol/l (110 mg/dl) to 11.1 mmol/l (200 mg/dl).

    From ages 6 to 12, before eating, glucose levels should be between 5 mmol/l (90 mg/dl) and 10 mmol/l (180 mg/dl) and between 5.5 mmol/l (100 mg/dl) and 10 mmol/l (180 mg/dl) before going to bed. Children age 13 to 19 should expect similar readings as those of adults.

    Blood sugar levels chart

    Blood sugar levels rise and drop during the day. This is normal. However dramatic fluctuations in your blood glucose levels may indicate problems.

    Dramatic changes of blood sugar levels have significant physical symptoms and increase your risk of diabetes-related complications.

    Click on the image below to get a larger chart.

    blood sugar levels chart

    Blood sugar levels chart displays possible levels of blood glucose (sugar). Values are expressed in mmol/l and mg/dl. This blood sugar levels chart is not 100% accurate. Consult your doctor for more information.

    High blood pressure (hypertension) can lead to and worsen many complications of diabetes, including diabetic eye disease and kidney disease. Most people with diabetes develop high blood pressure during their life. Read an article on blood pressure.

    Download your blood sugar levels log and keep track of your own blood sugar levels. Write down all of your measured values.
    >> Blood sugar levels log.
    Blood sugar levels chart
    Glucose mmol/l (mg/dl) Value
    less than 6.1 (110) on an empty stomach normal value
    between 6.1 (110) and 6.9 (125) on an empty stomach limit value
    more than 7.0 (125) on an empty stomach possible diabetes
    more than 11.0 (198) anytime possible diabetes

    The next chart displays all possible blood sugar (glucose) levels along with a short explanation what the indicators are.

    Blood sugar chart and indicators
    Blood Sugar Levels Indication
    Less than 70 mg/dl (3.9 mmol/l) Low fasting blood sugar
    70 to 99 mg/dl (3.9 to 5.5 mmol/l) Normal fasting blood sugar for adults
    100 to 125 mg/dl (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/l) Impaired fasting glucose (pre-diabetes)
    126 mg/dl (7.0 mmol/l) and above in more than one test result Diabetes
    about 70-125 mg/dl (3.9-6.9 mmol/l) Normal random blood sugar
    about 70-145 mg/dl (3.9-8 mmol/l) Normal postprandial blood sugar
    about 146-199 mg/dl (8.1-10.9 mmol/l) Borderline postprandial blood sugar. May indicate pre-diabetes.
    Less than 70 mg/dl (3.9 mmol/l) Hypoglycemia (Initial Stage)
    50 mg/dl (2.8 mmol/l) Hypoglycemia (Fasting)
    less than 50 mg/dl (2.8 mmol/l) Insulin Shock
    145-200 mg/dl (8-11 mmol/l) Post meal Value suggesting early diabetes
    More than 200 mg/dl (11 mmol/l) Post meal Value suggesting established diabetes

    Normal values for blood sugar are (values are in mmol/l, mg/dl and HbA1c) in the table below.

    Blood sugar levels
    Blood sugar levels HbA1c mg/dl mmol/l
    low less than 4 less than 65 less than 3,6
    normal optimal 4 65 3,6
    normal optimal 4,1 69 3,8
    normal optimal 4,2 72 4
    normal optimal 4,3 76 4,2
    normal optimal 4,4 80 4,4
    normal optimal 4,5 83 4,6
    normal optimal 4,6 87 4,8
    normal optimal 4,7 90 5
    normal optimal 4,8 94 5,2
    normal optimal 4,9 97 5,4
    good marginal 5 101 5,6
    good marginal 5,1 105 5,8
    good marginal 5,2 108 6
    good marginal 5,3 112 6,2
    good marginal 5,4 115 6,4
    good marginal 5,5 119 6,6
    good marginal 5,6 122 6,8
    good marginal 5,7 126 7
    good marginal 5,8 130 7,2
    good marginal 5,9 133 7,4
    at risk 6 137 7,6
    at risk 6,1 140 7,8
    at risk 6,2 144 8
    at risk 6,3 147 8,2
    at risk 6,4 151 8,4
    at risk 6,5 155 8,6
    at risk 6,6 158 8,8
    at risk 6,7 162 9
    at risk 6,8 165 9,2
    at risk 6,9 169 9,4
    dangerously high 7 172 9,6
    dangerously high 7,1 176 9,8
    dangerously high 7,2 180 10
    dangerously high 7,3 183 10,2
    dangerously high 7,4 187 10,4
    dangerously high 7,5 190 10,6
    dangerously high 7,6 194 10,8
    dangerously high 7,7 198 11
    dangerously high 7,8 201 11,2
    dangerously high 7,9 205 11,4
    possible complications 8 208 11,6
    possible complications 8,1 212 11,8
    possible complications 8,2 215 12
    possible complications 8,3 219 12,2
    possible complications 8,4 223 12,4
    possible complications 8,5 226 12,6
    possible complications 8,6 230 12,8
    possible complications 8,7 233 13
    possible complications 8,8 237 13,2
    possible complications 8,9 240 13,4
    mortal danger 9 244 13,6
    mortal danger 9+ 261+ 13,6+

    Low blood sugar levels, normal blood sugar levels and high blood sugar levels chart.

    What are low blood sugar levels?

    When your blood sugar level drops below 63 mg/dl (3,5 mmol/l), it means you have a low level of blood sugar. The usual symptoms of low blood sugar levels are hunger, sweating, restlessness, faltering speech, confusion, tremor, difficulty in concentration, drowsiness, headache, visual disturbances…

    Symptoms can vary between different people (organisms), and in some cases, the symptoms can even remain unrecognized (unconscious hypoglycemia).

    What are high blood sugar levels?

    High blood sugar and diabetes is caused by a number of abnormalities in the body, one of them being the affected vascular walls of small and large arteries (diabetic micro-and macro-angiopathy) in a process called atherosclerosis.

    We can say that a blood sugar level is high if we measure glucose level and get the following values – more than 110 mg/dl (6.1 mmol/l) on an empty stomach or at any time more than 200mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l).

    measuring blood sugar level Source: www.theguardian.com
    If measured blood sugar level is high you should consult your personal doctor! High values of blood sugar may indicate diabetes.

    High blood sugar levels affect the arteries throughout the body, especially the organs which have the richest blood circulation: heart, brain, kidney, senses, nerves and other organs.

    If the high blood sugar is associated with disturbances in lipid metabolism (blood fat), the abnormalities are more intense. Diabetes is among the risk factors for major non-communicable diseases: cardiovascular (coronary) disease, cerebral vascular disease and peripheral vascular diseases.

    How to check blood sugar

    Blood sugar level is determined when the person has an empty stomach. In a healthy person, a normal blood glucose level is about 6.1 mmol/l. Read on how to check blood sugar values.

    You can easily buy blood glucose tester on this link.

    For checking your blood sugar level, you will need:

    Medical alcohol to clean the skin where you will prick your finger, a sterile tool to prick your finger, some test strips and a glucose meter to read the test strip.

    Expected blood sugar level values:
    Blood Sugar Level Children mg/dl (mmol/l) Adults mg/dl (mmol/l)
    Normal 70 – 100 mg/dL (3.9 – 5.5 mmol/l) 70 – 140 mg/dL (3.9 – 7.7 mmol/l)
    Low lower than 70 mg/dL (lower than 3.9 mmol/l) lower than 70 mg/dL (lower than 3.9 mmol/l)
    High Over 140 mg/dL (over 7.7 mmol/l) Over 180 mg/dL (over 10 mmol/l)

    Can diabetes be cured?

    At this time there is no known official case of cured diabetes.

    The fact is that with Diabetes type 1 body’s cells that produce insulin are destroyed. These cells cannot be regrown or replaced. You need to use insulin injections to control your blood sugar levels.

    With type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly (also known as insulin resistance). Over the time a patient’s condition worsens as body cannot make enough insulin to keep blood glucose at normal levels.

    With exercise and proper diet you can control your diabetes and live a normal life. Read more about diet for people with diabetes and blood type diet.

    Refer to this article for more information on how brown fat tissue may help control your disease or even revert it! No hoax – scientifically proven!
    Brown fat protects against diabetes and obesity in humans

    How to lower blood sugar level?

    A patient with diabetes is at a 5 times greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease than patient without diabetes. One third of all cardiovascular diseases also affect people with diabetes.

    Three quarters of diabetics die from cardiovascular disease. Women with diabetes have a 4 times greater risk of death from cardiovascular disease. People suffering from diabetes usually have high cholesterol levels as well.

    Disturbances in the metabolism of blood sugar levels are mainly the consequence of heredity (diabetes in the family), age (over 40), poor diet, excessive body weight (obesity) and physical inactivity. Disturbances in the metabolism of blood sugar were present in 20% of adult Europeans during 2002-2005 a study showed.

    RECOMMENDATIONS to decrease elevated blood sugar:
    Blood sugar level is determined in the fasting state. In a healthy person, a normal blood glucose level is 110 mg/dl (6.1 mmol/l). By measuring values of blood sugar, we can say that there are 3 options:

    • normal blood sugar level (the blood glucose level is normal on an empty stomach),
    • disruption of glycemia (blood glucose in the blood on an empty stomach is increased to a maximum value between 110 and 124 mg/dl (6.1 and 6.9 mmol/l),
    • diabetes (elevated blood sugar levels to 7.0 mmol/l or more).
    People with high blood sugar levels can lower their blood sugar levels by maintaining normal body weight, eating healthy and by physical activity. This way you might prevent or delay disease and enhance your health and physical performance.

    What can you do to lower the chance of developing diabetes:

    • lose weight – be fit,
    • sleep more, be rested. Read this article on what to do if you cannot sleep.
    • have a healthy diet (read how should a diabetic diet look like) with as many vegetables and fruits, a lot of fiber, consume less calories, less fat, less alcoholic beverages and no simple sugars,
    • workout at least 30 minutes per day.
    References:
    American Diabetes Association (ADA) – http://www.diabetes.org/
    Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics – http://www.eatright.org/
    National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) – http://www.niddk.nih.gov/
    Children with Diabetes – http://www.childrenwithdiabetes.com/
    Canadian Diabetes Association (CDA) – http://www.diabetes.ca/
    National Diabetes Education Program – http://www.ndep.nih.gov/
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute – http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/
    International Diabetes Federation – http://www.idf.org/
    CDC on Diabetes – http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/
    Diabetes Care – http://care.diabetesjournals.org/
    American Association of Diabetes Educators – http://www.diabeteseducator.org/
    Diabetes UK – http://www.diabetes.org.uk/
    MedlinePlus on Diabetes – http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/diabetes.html

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    Matej Gololicic >> @Healthiack >> Facebook page
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    92 Comments on this article. Feel free to join this conversation.

    1. rita barrett March 19, 2015 at 11:24 am - Reply

      please can you tell me why my blood sugar goes between 3and 12

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