Approaching the age line between 40 and 50 years old, every woman willy-nilly begins to think about the impending old age.
It would seem, why be sad – because, as a rule, by this period she reaches family well-being and certain career heights. The only fly in the ointment is the upcoming menopause. But: menopause definition is not a tragic end.
It’s just that this is a new phase of life, which can and should be quite favorable.
Medical information menopause
The climacteric period is a transitional phase between the extinction of the ability to bear children and the onset of elegant maturity, it covers approximately a 10-15 year period of a woman’s life and consists of three phases:
- Menopause (cessation of menstruation) occurs on average in 50-51 years.
- The years preceding menopause (4-5 years) are called perimenopause.
- The rest of the life period – post-menopause.
Perimenopause precedes menopause with somatic and psychological changes due to the extinction of ovarian function. Perimenopause usually begins after 45 years. At first, its manifestations are insignificant. A woman usually either does not attach importance to them or associate them with mental stress. The most characteristic manifestation of perimenopause is menstrual irregularities. In the 4 years preceding menopause, this symptom is noted in 90% of women.
Menopause is part of the natural aging process, in fact, this is the cessation of menstruation as a result of the extinction of ovarian function. The average age of menopause is 51 years. It is determined by hereditary factors and does not depend on the characteristics of nutrition and nationality. Climacteric changes occur earlier in smokers and nulliparous women.
Postmenopause follows menopause and lasts an average of a third of a woman’s life. For ovaries, this is a period of relative dormancy.
How to define menopause
Climacteric changes begin in women when the production of sex hormones of estrogen decreases and their content in the body drops below normal levels. So, what are the typical signs of menopause?
- Violation of the menstrual cycle is the first and main sign of the onset of menopause. If the cycle in a woman of mature age does not recover for a long time, this speaks of the change. Menstruation is becoming less and less regular, and the time interval between two menstruation increases or, conversely, decreases.
- Hot flashes – a sudden sensation of extraordinary warmth that sweeps the body, even when the ambient temperature remains low. Hot flashes usually occur at night and, as a result, cause sleep disturbances. They can occur in mild or severe form, their average duration is from 30 seconds to 5 minutes. However, there are ways to get menopause relief.
- Violations of the function of the vagina and gallbladder which is associated with thinning and dryness of the genital area. This leads to a weakening of sexual desire and an increased risk of infection in the genitals or urinary tract.
- Fatigue and sleep disturbances. During menopause, women quickly get tired, and at night they can not sleep well. It can also be difficult to fall asleep after waking up in the middle of the night.
- Depression and frequent mood swings. Due to various symptoms, many in the menopause suffer from depression and anxiety. Insomnia is the culprit of frequent and unpredictable mood changes when the most insignificant trifle can infuriate.
- Physical changes. Menopause is sometimes accompanied by physical changes in the body, for example, weight gain, increased waist circumference, loss of muscle mass and stretching of the skin.
How to achieve menopause relief?
To reduce the frequency and strength of menopause signs and gain menopause relief, doctors recommend such methods:
- Exclude from the diet consumption of fatty foods, alcoholic beverages, coffee and drinks containing caffeine.
- Menopausal women are advised to practice relaxation techniques, such as yoga and meditation, which help relieve stress effectively.
- Regular fitness exercises help to effectively control the frequency and intensity of hot flashes and give menopause relief.
- In addition to the above methods of alleviating the general condition and getting menopause relief, doctors recommend combating the manifestations of the change with the help of herbal medicine. From ancient times, infusions of calamus, chamomile, St. John’s wort, yarrow, oregano were used by women in order to weaken or eliminate the painful symptoms of menopause.