Exercise For People Who Have Diabetes Diabetes And Exercise

Exercise for People Who Have Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus, also called DM, is a condition that makes it hard for the body to control the level ofglucose in the blood. Glucose is the main form of sugar the body uses. Insulinis a hormone made by the pancreas. It helps the body control the level of glucosein the blood.

When glucose builds up in the blood, the result is a highblood glucose level,called hyperglycemia. There are a number of ways to lower the blood glucoselevel. These include a correct diet for diabetes,medicine, and exercise. Exercise is a natural way a person with diabetes canhelp control his or her blood glucose levels. Muscles use more glucose duringexercise.

What is the information for this topic?

The two most common types of diabetes mellitus are calledtype 1and type 2.People with either of these types of diabetes benefit from regularexercise. Almost all people who develop type 2 diabeteshave a condition called pre-diabetesfirst. This condition used to be known as impaired glucose tolerance or impairedfasting glucose. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) estimates that almost 16 million people over the ageof 40 have this condition. It occurs when blood glucose levelsare higher than healthy levels but too low to be called diabetes. Withoutlifestyle changes, most people who have prediabeteswill progress to type 2 diabeteswithin 10 years.

Benefits of exercise

There is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes.But it may be possible to prevent type 2 diabetesin many cases! This is especially true once pre-diabetesis known. Even modest lifestyle changes can help prevent the onset of diabetes.The key is to:

  • eat a healthy diet
  • exercise regularly
  • maintain a healthy body weight
  • Exercise is a vital part of diabetes treatment. It can lower the level ofglucose in the blood and may also:

  • help the body make better use of its food supply
  • allow the body cells to better use insulin and glucose
  • aid a person in losing excess weight
  • improve blood circulation throughout the body
  • increase the heart’s ability to pump blood
  • lower high blood pressure
  • help a person feel better physically and mentally
  • A recent study showed that walking briskly for only 30 minutes a dayat least 5 days a week greatly reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes.

    Evaluation before starting an exercise program

    It is important for a person who has diabetes to visit the doctorbefore starting an exercise program. The doctor can help design anexercise program that is right for the person. He or she will take many factorsinto account, including the person’s:

  • need for activity
  • physical abilities and limits
  • blood glucose control
  • medicine routine
  • coronary risk factors,including smoking, obesity,and high blood pressure
  • The ADA states that a graded exercisetest may help if a person is at high risk for heart disease. He or she canbuild up to a moderate- to high-intensity exercise program. Those at high riskinclude people who:

  • are 35 years of age or older
  • have had type 2 diabetesmore than 10 years
  • have had type 1 diabetesmore than 15 years
  • have other coronary risk factors,including high blood pressure
  • have significant diabetic nephropathy,or kidney damage from diabetes
  • have significant retinopathy, or retinal damage in the eye
  • have peripheral vascular disease, or impaired circulation in the legs and arms
  • have autonomic neuropathy, or damage to the part of the nervous system thatcontrols blood pressure
  • Guidelines for exercise

    The ADA stresses the importance ofregulating the body’s glucose levels in response to exercise. It has issuedthese exercise guidelines for people who have diabetes:

  • Monitor blood glucose levels before and after exercise. Each personshould talk with the doctor about what his or her healthy range is. Findout if there is ever any time that exercise should be avoided because ofthe blood glucose level.
  • Include warm-up and cooldown periods in the exercise program. Thewarm-up should include 5 to 10 minutes of aerobic activity such aslow-intensity walking. Follow this with 5 to 10 minutes of gentle musclestretching. The cooldown after exercise should last about 5 to 10 minutes.It should slowly bring the pulse down to the level it was before exercise.
  • Because people who have diabetes often also have poor circulation intheir feet, good shoes are important. The ADA recommends the useof silica gel or air midsoles in athletic shoes. Polyester or polyester and cottonsocks help prevent blisters and keep the feet dry.

    People who have diabetes should tell those exercising with themthat they have diabetes. They should also tell them what to do if they becomeweak. A bracelet or shoe tag showing the person’s diabetes should be clearlyvisible. People who exercise alone should tell others where they aregoing and when they will be back.

    Article type: xmedgeneral