PMS or premenstrual syndrome include psychological and physical changes before and during the period. The duration can vary, but the symptoms reach their peak four days before the period and fade away two to three days after it begins. It is sometimes referred to as PMT or premenstrual tension.
It affects almost 80% of women worldwide, while 30% claim that it affects their everyday life. 5-10% even say that the symptoms are severe. The cause of PMS is probably hormonal imbalance during the second part of the cycle.
If you are suffering from intense mood changes and physical symptoms every month, then you are probably dealing with PMDD.
PMDD or premenstrual dysphoric disorder is PMS on steroids. The symptoms are more intense, and they can last for two weeks. Some of the signs include severe sadness, mood changes, hopelessness, anxiety, self-esteem issues, fatigue, cognitive problems, appetite changes such as cravings, sleepiness or insomnia, muscle pain, headache, painful breasts, and cramps.
In some rare cases, people who suffer from PMDD have to take antidepressants to ease the symptoms.
Luckily, exercise and proper diet help in most cases. Keep a journal of your symptoms and consult with your OB-GYN about steps you should take to reduce the intensity of the symptoms.
The Symptoms of PMS in Teens
As per knixteen.com some of the most common signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are similar to PMDD signs, but their intensity is lower. They include:
- Mood changes
- Stomach pain
- Painful and sore breasts
- Painful back
- Food cravings
However, the list does not end here. There are almost 150 known PMS symptoms. The duration and intensity of the listed signs can differ from one person to another. Also, the symptoms can vary from month to month.
During our teen years, we go through many changes both physical and psychological. That is why PMS can be even harder to bear during those years than later in life. It is important to educate girls about what to expect and how to handle those unpleasant symptoms.
How to Deal With PMS Symptoms
PMS can be a real nag, especially while you are trying to balance your school tasks, social life, and every other responsibility. All you want to do is to lay in bed and watch movies all day. Luckily, there are certain measures you can take to reduce the symptoms.
First and foremost, you can change your diet. That means reduce sugar intake and eliminate junk food. That is probably easier said than done because one of the most common PMS symptoms is food craving. Try to eat green veggies, fresh fruit, lean meat, fish, and fibers.
You can also include supplements such as vitamin B6, magnesium, and calcium.
If PMS is still hard to handle, you should consult with your OB-GYN and check your hormone levels.