Denture Sore Mouth Ulcer

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors

A mouth ulcer is a small sore in the mucuous membranes inside themouth.

What is going on in the body?

The mouth is sensitive to many irritations. Problems in other parts of the body can also cause sores in the mouth. Although most mouth soreswill go away by themselves and are of little concern, some are much moreserious.

What are the causes and risks of the condition?

There are many causes of mouth ulcers. They range from minor irritants to mouth cancer.Some of the common causes are as follows:

  • accidentalcheek, lip, or tongue biting
  • accidental damage from tooth brushing
  • allergic reaction to medications
  • burns from food or drink that is too hot
  • burns or irritations from medications, such as aspirin
  • cancer of themouth or lips
  • chemotherapy orradiation therapy
  • denture sores
  • electrical burns
  • food allergy
  • HIV,the virus that causes AIDS
  • food allergy
  • an impacted tooth
  • irritation from a dental procedure
  • irritation from orthodontic appliances
  • localized irritation from a disease, such as Parkinson’sdisease
  • medications that cause mouth dryness, including antihistamines such asdiphenhydramine
  • a new tooth coming in, known as a tooth eruption
  • reactions to tobacco products
  • serious medical illnesses that weaken the person, such as cancer
  • some sexually transmitteddiseases, such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae\ bacteria. These infections are usually acquired through sexual contact. A gonococcal infection may also be passed from mother to baby during childbirth.gonorrhea
  • viral disease, such as oralherpes
  • Women are more prone to mouth ulcers than men are,especially during pregnancyor right before a menstrual period.

    Symptoms & Signs

    What are the signs and symptoms of the condition?

    Mouth ulcers are generally yellow or gray in color and about 3 centimetersin size. Other signs and symptoms may include the following:

  • difficulty chewing
  • mild fever
  • pain when brushing or using mouthwash
  • soreness
  • swelling around the ulcer
  • Diagnosis & Tests

    How is the condition diagnosed?

    Since many mouth sores look alike, diagnosis is best done by ahealth professional. Any ulcer of the mouth or lips that lasts longer than aweek should be seen by a healthcare professional.

    Prevention & Expectations

    What can be done to prevent the condition?

    Some methods to prevent mouth ulcers include the following:

  • Avoid food and drinks that are too hot.
  • Avoid foods, medications, and other substances that trigger allergic reactions.
  • Drink plenty of liquids when taking medications that cause mouthdryness.
  • Eat a balanced diet, following the Food Guide Pyramid.
  • Follow good oral hygiene, including regular tooth brushing and flossing.
  • Practice safer sexto avoid sexually transmitteddiseases
  • Seek prompt treatment for denture problems, impacted teeth, or irritating orthodonticappliances.
  • Quit smoking.
  • What are the long-term effects of the condition?

    Mouth ulcers rarely cause long-term effects, unless they become seriouslyinfected.

    What are the risks to others?

    Some mouth ulcers are contagious through direct contact, whileothers are not.

    Treatment & Monitoring

    What are the treatments for the condition?

    Many mouth ulcers will go away on their own without treatment.Some measures to speed the healing process include the following:

  • Clean the area gently with a very soft brush and mild(1-1/2%) hydrogen peroxide or a warm salt water solution made by adding 1/2 teaspoon salt to afull glass of warm water).
  • Do not use any medications before checking with a healthprofessional.
  • Keep the area clean and clear of food scraps.
  • See a healthcare provider if the ulcer lasts more than a week.
  • The healthcare provider may prescribe a liquid paint,mouthwash, gel, or rinse to treat the mouth ulcer.

    What are the side effects of the treatments?

    Rarely, medications used to treat mouth ulcers may cause an allergic reaction.

    What happens after treatment for the condition?

    Mouth ulcers usually go away on their own or with treatment. Ifthe underlying cause of the ulcers is not treated, they may recur. A personwith recurring mouth ulcers should see a healthcare professional for furtherdiagnosis.

    How is the condition monitored?

    Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcareprovider.

    Article type: xmedgeneral