Moisturizers contain varying proportions of oil, water, herbs, and other natural ingredients. They are used to lubricate, nourish, soothe, protect, and hydrate the skin.
Moisturizers should leave the skin feeling supple, soft, and nourished, not clogged or greasy. Be sure to choose a Moisturizer that is appropriate for your skin type and condition. Overly dry skin may not only be unattractive, but also uncomfortable. Dry skin looks and feels rougher and older than oily or normal skin.
Dry skin is especially noticeable in the winter because the air is colder and less humid. Moreover, when you’re inside the house in wintertime and the heat is on, your skin becomes drier.
Why we need Moisturizers?
The face has a large number of oil glands that keep our faces moisturized, but oil gland production often decreases as we get older, and occasionally even the face can become as dry as the skin on the rest of the body.
The solution is constant use of moisturizers sold at salons, spas, department stores, and pharmacies. The type you choose depends on how dry your skin really is. For example, you probably want to use a lighter moisturizer on your face than on the rest of your body. Many people use a light moisturizing lotion on their bodies during the summer and a heavier one during winter.
Different types of Moisturizers
Lighter moisturizers are called lotions; they contain a high content of water (look at the first ingredient on the label), so they evaporate quickly and soon leave the skin feeling dry. Heavier moisturizers contain more petrolatums and less water. In fact, one of the heaviest moisturizers is pure petroleum jelly. Because it does not evaporate quickly it protects the skin from drying out for a very long time.
Most people do not need something as thick as petroleum jelly, so moisturizing preparations often combine petrolatum and water in close to equal amounts. These moisturizing compounds are called creams. Moisturizing creams can also contain an additional ingredient, referred to as a humectant [hue-mek-tant].
Humectants help bring moisture from below the skin up to the skin’s surface where it is needed. One common humectant is glycerin. A good moisturizing cream contains a humectant to bring moisture up to the skin and a petrolatum mix just thick enough to trap that moisture. A dermatologist can help determine which moisturizer best fits your skin type.