Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors
Asymptomatic bacteruiria is the presence of bacteria in the urine, without any symptoms.
What is going on in the body?
Urine is usually free of bacteria. But sometimes a person’s own bacteria can enter the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. From the urethra, bacteria move into the bladder and infect the urine. A small number of bacteria in the urine often produces no symptoms and is called asymptomatic bacteriuria. A large amount of bacteria in the urine often causes symptoms and is called a urinary tract infection (UTI).
What are the causes and risks of the condition?
Bacteriuria can be caused by many conditions, including:
Bacteriuria is more common in women than men, however the frequency increases with age for both sexes.
Symptoms & Signs
What are the signs and symptoms of the condition?
There are no signs or symptoms.
Diagnosis & Tests
How is the condition diagnosed?
Since there are no symptoms, this type of bacteriuria is diagnosed by examination of the urine. A doctor may suspect this condition based on the results of urine analysis done in the office.
Prevention & Expectations
What can be done to prevent the condition?
To prevent this condition, a person should:
What are the long-term effects of the condition?
For most people, there is no reason to treat the condition, since there are no symptoms and usually no long-term effects. But, there are a few exceptions:
What are the risks to others?
There are no risks to others. Bacteriuria cannot be spread to others.
Treatment & Monitoring
What are the treatments for the condition?
Most of the time there is no need to treat this condition. When treatment is needed, most doctors prescribe antibiotics such as
What are the side effects of the treatments?
Antibiotics sometimes cause stomach upset or other reactions. A healthcare provider can provide more information about possible reactions.
What happens after treatment for the condition?
This condition is associated with few problems, except in the special cases noted above.
How is the condition monitored?
The doctor may want to perform urine analysis in the future to see if the condition has resolved.
Article type: xmedgeneral