Overview & Description
An endometrial biopsy is a procedure in which the healthcare provider removes a small piece of tissue from the lining of the uterus.
Who is a candidate for the procedure?
An endometrial biopsy may be done for the following reasons:
How is the procedure performed?
The woman lies on her back, with her knees up and her feet in stirrups. The healthcare provider places a speculum within the vagina. This device helps enlarge the opening of the vagina. Then, the provider uses a metal grasper, called a tenaculum. This device straightens the angle of the uterus. Next, the healthcare provider passes a small, plastic or metal tube into the uterus. The provider uses a mild vacuum to remove endometrial cells. The cell sample is sent to the lab for study.
Preparation & Expectations
What happens right after the procedure?
Cramping usually passes within minutes of the procedure. If she sits up too quickly, a woman may feel lightheaded. Lying down for a few minutes after the procedure prevents this. The woman is then sent home.
Home Care and Complications
What happens later at home?
A woman may go back to normal activity as soon as she gets home. Cramping may be treated with an over-the-counter pain medication, such as ibuprofen or naproxen. The woman should avoid sexual intercourse, douches, and tampons for two to three days.
What are the potential complications after the procedure?
Complications are rare but may include:
Article type: xmedgeneral