Overview & Description
Ear tube insertion is a surgical procedure used to drain fluid from the middle ear. In this procedure, a small cut is made in the eardrum. Next, special tubes, called PE tubes, are placed in the ear to allow fluid to drain from the middle ear. These tubes also allow air to circulate through the area behind the middle ear.
Usually the eustachian tubes, which connect the back of the throat behind the nose to the middle ear, allow air to get into the space behind the eardrum. Air is needed in this space to allow the eardrum to move and function correctly. When air is not present in this space, fluid can build up and bacteria can grow. This can cause ear infections. Inserting PE tubes gives the eustachian tubes time to grow and begin to function better.
Most ear tubes fall out on their own with 3 to 18 months of the procedure. The most common time is between 6 and 9 months. A healthcare provider will usually re-examine the ear periodically to see if the tubes are still in place and working well or to see if they have fallen out. A person may not always see the tube if it falls out.
Who is a candidate for the procedure?
Ear tube insertion may be recommended for people, especially children, who have:
How is the procedure performed?
Usually a person is given a general anesthesia to temporarily put him or her to sleep. Next, a small cut is made in the eardrum, and any fluid is suctioned out. The surgeon will then insert a small tube through the cut. This tube allows fluid to continue to drain from the middle ear to the outer ear and allows air to enter the middle ear.
Preparation & Expectations
What happens right after the procedure?
This procedure is usually done on an outpatient basis in a same day surgery setting. A person is admitted to the surgery center, has the procdure, and is then monitored in a surgery recovery room for a few hours. In the recovery room, the person will be monitored for:
In most cases, once the person is awake and able to drink fluids, he or she can go home from the surgery center.
Home Care and Complications
What happens later at home?
Usually a person recovers within 1 or 2 days after the procedure. Often eardrops are prescribed for the first few days after surgery.
A person will be given special instructions about how to care for his or her ears and tubes. It is important that he or she follow these directions carefully. For instance, a healthcare provider may recommend that he or she:
What are the potential complications after the procedure?
Here are some complications that may occur after ear tubes are inserted:
Article type: xmedgeneral